Tuesday, August 21, 2018


How to spot wild animals/tigers in tiger reserve |National Parks | wildlife sanctuary |wild safari


Some time, its hard spot wild animal, such as tiger or wildcats during wild safari ride in the wildlife sanctuary. My few tips can increase your chances of spotting wildcats in tiger reserve or wild country!

It can be difficult to spot some animals in the national parks. Wild animals, such as predators like tigers and leopards are generally very shy and elusive. They tend to hide when they see human beings. As a naturalist, I have a few tips for you to make increase your chances of seeing animals in the wild. With luck and these tips, you will enjoy your game drive even more!
Avoid all perfumes or any other strong smelling things because wild animals are very sensitive to smell.
Always wear “jungle colors” that blend with the environment such as olive green, brown, and khaki. Animals may be frightened if they see bright color since they don’t use them.
Always view animals from a distance. Never try to get too close to them. This type of attempt will disturb them.
Never ever stand up in your vehicle when you are very close to a tiger, leopard, or elephant. They may see it and take it as a threat!
During your game drive, always try to pause, hear and assess the clues that are provided by the forest, such as warning calls from monkeys, deer & antelope.
Always try to concentrate on footprints on the road. Footprints, also known as pug marks, are really important and give you specific clues. Generally, predators like tigers and leopards prefer to walk frequently on the soft dirt road because their paws are soft padded. The freshness of pugmarks indicates how recently they have been there and can help pinpoint their whereabouts. Footprints can also indicate the size, sex and sometime even the age of an animal.
Try to search out scratch marks on specific trees and bushes. Some animals make these marks regularly. Claw marks on the bark of a tree act as territorial milestone. They can indicate an animal’s range, sex, age, and give other clues.
Some animals use olfactory, auditory, and vocalization to communicate. Again, listen to the sounds of the forest.
There are lots mammals which are well equipped with specialized sweat glands that are used to stake territory. Urine and feces are used for the same purpose. Look for signs of these on the ground and on trees.
Always gives full attention to hear the voices of animals. Most animals call in order to communicate with individuals of their own species, including to attract the opposite sex and to alert others of the threat of possible predators. They have various ways of communicating with one another. Many animals have alarm calls, sharp staccato barks, whistles, etc. which they utter when suspicious and continue to repeat until reassured. So, these types of alarm and scare calls of animals like deer, antelope monkey or even peacock provide hints to the pinpoint location of any predators!
Scavenger birds also play a critical role in providing clues to predators. Crows sitting on a branch can be an indication of a kill and animal flesh nearby. Red Headed and Egyptian vultures patiently sitting on tree branches are also a good indication of a kill. They are in the queue waiting their turn to dine after a tiger or leopard has finished.
Try to observe as many of the activities in the forest as you can. One small clue can lead you to a sighting of tigers and leopards.
Watching, listening, and understanding the behaviors of animals will make your game drive more enjoyable.

Today, the spot to view tigers ethically is India, specifically with Ranthambhore guides. It is a good   resource for visitors to explore India’s rich natural history and wildlife. You can enter their tiger reserve, where they keep an eye on all the local tigers and their last sightings.

Best of luck
Nature guide, Shard Sharma 

Sunday, July 3, 2016

Tuesday, July 30, 2013

Kallu Ji





                                       A conservator of conservators

Kallu ji, a smile face man who is the owner of a kiosk which is located at  Ranthambhore Road opposite  of DFO office. It is a well known tea stall for nature guides, drivers and  Indian regular tourists of Ranthambhore National Park. So, it is a place like a junction where nature guides and drivers stay here for a Chusky (a sip of cup of tea). It is really a last point where the nature guides and the drivers take break for a while and be ready toward a safari. After the game drive, usually the nature guides and the drives come back here again and get relax with a cup of tea, smoking etc and share their game dives’s experiences with their colleagues, then to go home. Therefore, it is a very popular kiosk of Ranthambhore for a daily routine discussion about game drive.   That’s why; mostly the nature guides and  the drivers are regular visitors of it while the park is closed.

So, as my regular trip, on date of 21 July, 2013 in morning, I came here with my senior colleague, nature guide Shiv raj Meena after collecting the money from door to door of the nature guides’ home for nature guide who slipped out from running canter while he was doing his job as a nature guide. Due to an accident, he got head injuring. To know more him, please click his story.a story of nature guide 

Therefore, I was a little bit disappointed with a few nature guides who don’t cooperate with a kind act.   When I was having a cup of tea while kallu ji joined me and asked about Pankaj Mittal’s health. As I was ready to go, Kallu ji put a note of 500 hundred at my palm for that guide. I was really surprised to see his kindness because he was the first person who came forward to help for the nature guides except the nature guides. From 17 March, 2013, he has been on bed rest as advised by doctor. He has been unable to work and still on the bed. Not a single person from the forest department, NGO, Hotelier and travel agent even met him formally to know his health while they spent lots of money for the name of conservation of wild life. But, nobody care of him either the forest department or other organizations. So, it was very touching moments for me because some one feels real pain of a nature guide, While I felt that he is  a conservator of conservators.  No doubt, all nature guides play a main role in the task of conservation. But, nobody care of them even forest department.  That is the main reason that all the nature guides have been working since 1993 but still depend only on the fees of tourists and waiting for their basic needs like insurance, medical policy etc. .But, the forest department & state government both are always silent on our basic requirements. How can  the nature guides survive God knows? But it is true that nobody ever try to understand the real poor conditions of the nature guides. Meanwhile, a person like Kallu ji feels pain of a guide, it is really appreciable.  I really don’t know when the  people will awake up to understand our problems. But, It is true fact that if  the nature guides can’t survive, how the tiger can survive. After all, all the nature guides do monitory of the tigers. Without monitory it is too hard.  Thank you very much Kallu ji for your a kind act.
 
Have a nice day & take care

Best of luck………..

Nature Guide, Shard Ranthambhore, President RNGA